The TOEFL iBT Exam does NOT test for Vocabulary in the way that most exams do. However — there ARE Vocabulary question in The Exam. But, the unique thing about these Vocabulary questions is that the answer to each one is actually IN The Reading Passages & Listening Files — or can be implied by the information given in each Passage.
That being said — the test-taker’s level of Vocabulary, and proper or improper usage of Vocabulary is taken into account when grading The Speaking & Writing Sections of The Exam.
The type of Vocabulary used in The Exam is at the same level of English which a person attending an English-speaking University would be expected to know in a typical first-year University course. The only other Vocabulary (as stated previously) is that which is used in the directions & questions IN The Exam. This is what we at GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! call: “Functional Vocabulary”
Some Examples Of Functional Vocabulary Terms That One Will Probably Find Throughout The Exam:
- Choose (v.) – To pick or select as being the best, or most appropriate
- Contrast (n.) – The state of being distinctly different than something else
- Conversation (n.) – An informal exchange of ideas through the spoken word
- Essay (n.) – A short piece of writing on a particular subject
- Example (n.) – Something used to illustrate another thing or point being made
- Imply (v.) – To suggest something in a way that is not specifically stated
- Infer (v.) – To reach a conclusion based on evidence that is not specifically stated
- Lecture (n.) – An educational talk to an audience
- Mention (v.) – To refer to something briefly without going into detail
- Opinion (n.) – The individual views or beliefs of a person
- Passage (n.) – A short extract from a larger piece of written material
- State (v.) – To clearly express something through the written or spoken form
- Suggest (v.) – To express something for consideration
- Summarize (v.) – To give a brief statement about the main ideas & details of something
- Supporting Details (n.) – The details (examples, reasons) which support the main idea
As for studying any other Vocabulary for The TOEFL Exam — you can find just about any word that would be on the exam in the GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! TOEFL Vocabulary Database.
These words are also part of The 3000 Most Commonly Used Words In The English language — so learning them certainly will not be a waste of time. Any other books or videos about “TOEFL Vocabulary” are (most likely) a waste of time.
You Are Now Finished With The Topics…
(Don’t Forget To Take The Quiz Below Before Moving On To the Next Lesson)